September 26, 2011

When that mosquito carries West Nile virus

We've been writing about the mosquito-borne West Nile virus since 1999, when it first turned up in New York City and began sickening and killing people. It was the first West Nile outbreak ever in the U.S., and it was followed by piles of dead crows and other birds, and a rapid spread across the continent. It is now endemic here.

The assault peaked in Maryland in 2003, with 73 human cases and 230 equine cases. So far this summer, human infections have been reported in 36 states (dark green on the map, below). Of the 268 cases reported nationwide so far, 13 have been fatal. 

But aside from the occasional obituary mention, we have rarely been able to tell the human victim's side of the story. State health authorities release little data - and no names - on the cases they know about - 12 so far this year in Maryland - and don't know anything about the cases that aren't diagnosed. (Most infections produce no symptoms; some cause flu-like symptoms, and fewer than 1 percent result in serious "neuroinvasive" cases, with inflammation of the membranes around the brain or spinal cord.) 

Lisa Simeone, of Baltimore, believes she may have been the lone West Nile case diagnosed in the city so far this season. And she agreed to tell her story:

"I was apparently the first confirmed case this summer of West Nile Virus in Baltimore City.  I think 'confirmed' is the operative word here, because I have to believe other people must've gotten it, too, only they were never diagnosed.

"I was diagnosed in July.  Was sick for the whole month.  And I'm 54, which ... means I had a higher risk of developing more severe symptoms, which, luckily, I didn't.

West Nile activity"Every summer I get so consumed by mosquitoes if I don't slather every inch of myself with DEET (citronella, garlic, "natural" repellents -- all worthless) or wear long sleeves/pants that I rarely venture outside in normal summer clothes.  I don't eat in outdoor cafes, much as I love them, I don't sit on our back deck, much as I would like to (neither do our neighbors sit on theirs), because the mosquitoes are just too much.  I wear shrugs (little mini-sweaters) over sleeveless dresses.  Nevertheless, I still go out occasionally unprotected -- walking 15 feet to the trash can and back, which takes all of about 7 seconds; hanging the wash on the line in the middle of the day, moving constantly; riding my bike, though I'd think the wind whipping off one's skin would be protection enough.  Despite my precautions, I git bitten every summer.

"This summer I had a nasty cold.  No big deal.  The cold itself healed, but headaches, fever, fatigue, and occasional muscle aches replaced it.  Because I'm used to headaches (lifetime of migraines), I didn't think much of it except that sometimes it would go away completely -- I'd wake up without one -- but by mid-morning it'd be back with a vengeance and get worse as the day progressed.  No pain relievers worked.Asian tiger mosquito  Sometimes the pain was so bad I felt nauseated.  Mostly I felt stunned.  The headache was not only all-consuming, but so forward in my face that I thought it must be a sinus infection.  Assuming it was viral, I thought I'd just wait it out (I'm not one of these people who abuses antibiotics).

"But after three weeks I still wasn't getting better.  So I finally saw my doc.  When I took off my ubiquitous shrug and she saw all the bites my arms, she said, 'I wonder if you have West Nile Virus.'  Her brother had just had it in Colorado, so it was on her mind.  (Plus, she's a smart cookie.)  She ordered a blood test.  Sure enough, I had WNV antibodies.  There's nothing to do about it, as you know, except wait 'til your body kicks it.  Which mine did, in about 4-5 weeks total.

"I first saw tiger mosquitoes in our back yard years ago. Their black and orange stripes [actually, black and white - FR] are unmistakable.  Hubby used to joke, 'Well, if anyone gets West Nile Virus, it'll be you.'  I don't get sick often, but when I do, it's usually something weird.

"But hey, at least I didn't get encephalitis!  (Though can Dengue Fever be far behind?)

"Of course, it's also possible that a mosquito got in the house, and I was being repeatedly bitten by it.  Who knows?  I counted the bites on my arms -- 19 on the right, 15 on the left.  No, it's not pretty.  Thank god for shrugs and make-up."

(PHOTO: Asian tiger mosquito, Mike Raupp, University of Maryland)

Posted by Frank Roylance at 12:57 PM | | Comments (1)
Categories: Observer reports

August 5, 2010

Overnight rains welcome, but spotty

Rain Baltimore lightning 

The thunderstorms that moved across the region overnight dropped some considerable rain on some spots, and little to none in others. The lightning, at least, provided everyone with some entertainment.

The photo above was shot by Bill Stifler, our ace storm photog in Baltimore:

"It was taken from my home in Hampden where not a drop of rain fell as the storm slid just north. I had come from that direction and passed through a nice down pour on Lake Ave. It's amazing the difference a mile or so can make with some storms."

Sure is. Here's a report from John Moser, in Middletown, Frederick County:

"Amazing. I've been a weather buff for 38 years and have never seen anything like this. I live in Middletown, Md. and just look at the time lapse radar loop from 6 p.m. until now, 8:15 p.m. Huge areas of thunderstorms and embedded rain showers and a tiny sliver of precipitation-free area about 4 miles wide and 30 miles long hovers right over Middletown, we received not one drop of rain.

"Thurmont has received nearly 1 inch in the last hour. Hagerstown, 0.5, Braddock Heights, 0.5, to our west the same thing. It just astonishes me. Now at day 19 with no rain and I want to figure this out. It makes no sense how  this tiny area of Frederick County is not receiving any rainfall, even with such a wide swath of rain around us, like right now."

We clocked 0.26 inch of rain on the WeatherDeck in Cockeysville. It was a hard rain - more than 3 inches an hour at one point - but it was brief. We have 0.2 on the gauge here at The Sun. BWI-Marshall recorded 0.59 inch.

Here are some more reports from CoCoRaHS. Thurmont and Westminster saw more than an inch. Today's Drought Monitor maps show little change from last week. Western, Southern Maryland and the Lower Eastern Shore remain the most deeply affected by drought this summer.

More storms are likely today, and some could be severe. There is a Heat Advisory posted for all of Central Maryland and the Eastern Shore until 8 p.m. The high at BWI is expected to reach 96 degrees, and Baltimore has declared a Code Red Heat Alert, opening its cooling stations.

Posted by Frank Roylance at 9:43 AM | | Comments (0)
Categories: Observer reports

April 20, 2009

Did Yankees build a home run stadium?

AccuWeather.comThe flurry of home runs being smashed into right field at the new Yankee stadium has got meteorologists at wondering whether the geometry of the new ballpark may be enhancing the prevailing winds in ways that are blowing the balls over the wall.

Check out this story from


Posted by Frank Roylance at 1:49 PM | | Comments (2)
Categories: Observer reports

February 24, 2009

The catbirds and the raisins

I received a delightful, handwritten letter today from Angela K., a resident of Baltimore County. She wrote to me in response to the article on migrating songbirds I wrote for The Sun last week. She has graciously given me permission to reprint her letter here. I am omitting her last name to protect her privacy. Enjoy!

"Dear Mr. Roylance.

 "I do not own a computer, hence the letter. I am 93 years old and have a remarkable tale to tell about my (at least two) catbirds.

"I lived alone for years after the death of my husband, and therefore had plenty of time to observe my 'bird company.' For at least 10 years I have observed my two friends (catbirds) returning to my back windowsill for a raisin feast, practically [the] same days for arrival and departure.  I no longer am able, because of a stroke, to keep [the] same records in my calendar I once did.

"Someone told me they nest in the Yucatan area in Winter, but they return each year to my backyard window sill, even recognizing my voice when I am talking inside my house, and fly near the window to let me know they have returned."I now have so-called 'care-givers' who I employ and find a somewhat indifference on their part, due to their many chores, to put raisins each A.M. on the kitchen window sill.

"When I was able to walk in my yard, they would follow me from bush to tree, talking to me in their chirps.

"I remember years ago worrying after they left to go South for the Winter, when hearing of a cyclone occuring in either N.C. or S.C. But they are still back to my house and yard each Spring looking for the raisins on the window sill of my kitchen window.

"Living alone, I suppose, made it my pleasure to observe my catbirds. I hope you will contact the National Geographic Society to let them know the 10 years of my observation of my catbirds each summer, and their remarkable memory of where to return from as far away as their Winter nesting territory, which I think I read years ago was near the Gulf of Mexico.

"Perhaps a geo-locater could be placed on one of my birds to find out how many stops they make before returning to my home in Baltimore County in each Spring.

"They leave here approximately in September, mid-month and return in March or April. This year they returned a month earlier than usual but I noticed the other song birds did, too.

"Thank you for your interesting article.

"Sincerely, Angela [K]." 

The photo is by Prof. Dan Sudia. Credit: Used with permission.

Posted by Frank Roylance at 6:18 PM | | Comments (6)
Categories: Observer reports

October 9, 2008

October's downsides - Of mice and pears

I said here a few days ago that October was one of the most pleasant months in the Land of Pleasant Living - all mild temperatures, vibrant colors, dry, sunny days and cool, starry nights. Then we had a visitor.

It was a house mouse. His presence in our home was announced last evening by my wife's shrieks. She was at the kitchen table, correcting students' papers when a member of the Mus US Forest Servicemusculus family made a run for it. He emerged from under the basket where we keep cushions for the deck furniture, made a beeline across the kitchen to the stove, and vanished into its dark underbelly.

His bold break, in the glare of a half-dozen kitchen lights, was a mistake. Darkness is the mouse's friend. He forgot that. 

Meanwhile, alerted by my wife's shrieks, now coming in rapid succession, I scampered down the stairs, expecting to find her impaled on a kitchen implement and bleeding out.

"There's a mouse!!" she gasped. Where? I asked.

"The stove! Under the stove!," says she. What do you want me to do?

"Get the broom!," says she. And what? Sweep him out the door? He may not go along with that plan.

So we pause to think. I have an unused snap-type mouse trap in the basement. We'll put a little treat in it, set it out overnight and see what happens. It's a good plan, she agrees, except for the part where we go to bed with a mouse loose in the house. But I retrieve the trap, we load it with a dab of peanut butter on a cracker, cock the snap mechanism, and set it down in front of the kickboard below the sink.

The arrival of the first cold nights this week - in the upper 30s out on the WeatherDeck a few mornings ago - means it's time for Mus musculus to find warmer places to spend the winter. Those that have enjoyed the bounty of the gardens and woods around our house are beginning to look for a cozy, centrally heated interior to share (preferably with plenty of crumbs to eat and pantries to explore).

It's one of those less-pleasant autumn events that we have come to expect in our neighborhood. A few years back the mice found a gap in our eaves and set up housekeeping in the attic. We would lie in bed and listen to them scratching and gnawing up there, and determined to wipe them out.   

Continue reading "October's downsides - Of mice and pears" »

Posted by Frank Roylance at 9:59 AM | | Comments (7)
Categories: Observer reports

August 22, 2008

A survivor's tale from the '33 hurricane

Our story in Friday's Sun marking the 75th anniversary of the Great Hurricane of 1933 stirred up some memories for at least one survivor of that storm.

I got a call this afternoon from Michelle Dase, who told me her father, William R. Howard, Jr., was aboard the SS Chatham, steaming down the Chesapeake when that storm struck. So I gave him a call at his home in Towson, and we chatted about his adventure. "I was a kid, only 9 years old," he told me. That makes him 84 now, retired for 23 yrs from the Equitable Trust Co., where he was a vice president.

"We lived in Hagerstown at that time," he continued. "I had grandparents down in Florida, and I had an uncle in Massachusetts." His mother and father were taking them to see their relatives, but Howard can't quite recall which way they were headed - Florida or New England. But he does remember sailing from the piers at Pratt and Light streets on what was a beautiful day.

"My daughter asked me, 'Didn't they know a hurricane was coming?' But no one said anything to me about it."

The family had boarded the SS Chatham, of the old Merchants and Miners Line. The ship, according to online records, was built in 1926. It was a 5,649-ton passenger steamer, a sister ship to the more famous SS Dorchester. Both came to violent ends.

Both the Chatham and the Dorchester were requisitioned by the U.S. government in 1941 for service as troop ships.

The Chatham was torpedoed and sunk in 1942 in the Belle Isle Straits, between Newfoundland and Labrador. The Dorchester, too, was sunk in 1942, in the Atlantic, by a German torpedo, with the loss of 675 lives. Among the dead were four U.S. Army chaplains, who gave their lives so others could live. But that's another story.

Continue reading "A survivor's tale from the '33 hurricane" »

Posted by Frank Roylance at 4:06 PM | | Comments (0)
Categories: Observer reports

August 15, 2008

Hail of a day; more on the way

Yesterday's thunderstorms dropped a big load of hail across the region. Here are some of the biggest reported:

1 inch:  Finksburg, Carroll County; near Fairhaven and North Beach, in Anne Arundel County

0.88 inch:  Germantown, Montgomery Co.; Fallston in Harford County, and Bentley Springs, Baltimore County

NOAAFor more reports of hail from yesterday's storms, click here. And here's more about hail, with some amazing photos. The hail photo at left is a generic image from NOAA, not from yesterday's storm. If you have one, send it in.

There was also another blast of heavy rain in some very localized areas:

Ridge, in St. Mary's:  1.94 inches

Deale, in Arundel:  1.6 inches

Bel Air, in Harford:  1.14 inches

Princess Anne, in Somerset:  1.12 inches

We can expect more showers and thunderstorms this afternoon. Forecasters out at Sterling say we're running a 50 to 60 percent chance for storms after noon. Some could be severe, they say, with large hail and damaging winds The high today at BWI should be in the mid-80s.

Storms could continue past midnight. But the weekend looks great, with sunny skies and highs in the low-80s on Saturday, climbing to near 90 on Sunday.

The near-90 weather will persist into next week. And forecasters are watching developments in the eastern Caribbean near Puerto Rico, where bad weather could develop today into a tropical depression. If so, it could begin to affect our weather sometime in the middle of next week as the storm moves up the East Coast.

Posted by Frank Roylance at 10:44 AM | | Comments (0)
Categories: Observer reports

April 22, 2008

Want to be a weather observer?


                                                                                                    Credit: CoCoRaHS 

Do you love weather? Do you like to work with numbers and weather instruments? Perhaps you'd like to become a volunteer weather observer in Northern Maryland for the Community Collaborative Rain, Snow and Hail Network (CoCoRaHS). 

Bruce Sullivan is reaching out to the WeatherBlog in the hope that our readers might include folks who would be interested in joining the CoCoRaHS team in this area. You would be contributing to the gathering of data such as these.

The group is organizing another training and information session for would-be observers, this coming Tuesday at 3 p.m., at the U.S. Geological Survey office near the University of Maryland Baltimore County. The address is USGS, MD-DE-DC Water Sciences Center, 5522 Research Park Drive, Baltimore, MD, 21228.

(An earlier version of this post listed a 4 p.m. start time. That is incorrect. Session begins at 3 p.m.)

You can also email Bruce at

Finally, you can read more about the organization here. And here.

Posted by Frank Roylance at 2:35 PM | | Comments (0)
Categories: Observer reports

January 24, 2008

Flocks of robins aren't earlybirds

I've had a number of startled readers drop me a note to report seeing flocks of 20-or-so robins converging on backyard trees, gobbling up leftover fruits and berries. We had a bunch of them in our back yard in Cockeysville on New Years Day, feasting on some sort of red berries in a low tree at the edge of the woods. Sun reporter and columnist Fred Rasmussen spied a robin in a tree in Ruxton:

American robin - USGS 

"Isn't it a little early for them to be back in Maryland? It really shocked me. Seeing them in late February or early March is more normal," he said.

Well, apparently that's when we expect to see them. They're the traditional harbinger of spring, after all. But it's not unusual to have a flock of foraging robins in Maryland in mid-winter, according to David Cursom, director of bird conservation at Audubon Maryland DC.

"There is a population that overwinters in the coastal plain of Maryland," he said. "The largest groups are over on the Eastern Shore, a regular roost of robins. I believe around 14,000 have been counted in Easton."

Robins, it turns out, are strongly migratory birds, but they breed all over North America. So, there are populations that breed well to our north, for whom Maryland's coastal plain is "South."  Those that breed here likely migrate in October to the southeastern states, and along the Gulf of Mexico. They return in March and April.

"The groups people are seeing now are part of the wintering population that are moving around. As the weather fluctuates between cold and mild, the robins move accordingly to find food," Cursom said.

Continue reading "Flocks of robins aren't earlybirds" »

Posted by Frank Roylance at 10:57 AM | | Comments (4)
Categories: Observer reports

July 1, 2007

Waterspout? Dust devil?

Readers: Did anyone else spot anything like this in Harford County Saturday? Did anyone get a picture? If so, email it to me at  Thanks.

"Mr Roylance,

"My wife and I were driving westbound on US40 this afternoon (Saturday, 30 June), at about 1:45 PM.  As we approached MD 543 in Belcamp (in Harford County) I noticed a thin, dark, mostly vertical column of SOMETHING rising from the vicinity of the Bush River toward the sky.  I could not tell what it was, but I definitely saw this thing, and my wife saw it too.  It did not last very long, and it eventually faded completely away.  It almost looked like a shadow, but it moved and bent a little before it faded.  It did not look like any kind of smoke that I have ever seen.  We thought it sort of looked like a big, thin, dust devil.

"The sky was fairly clear, with no storm in the area, and no weird winds were obvious from where we were driving. Could this have been a small waterspout?  Were the conditions today right for a waterspout to form?  I know from a TV weather show that waterspouts form in a different way than regular tornadoes, and they are much weaker.

"Unfortunately, I did not have a camera on me at the time. Sincerely, Monroe Harden, Havre de Grace, MD"


Posted by Frank Roylance at 11:08 AM | | Comments (0)
Categories: Observer reports

May 7, 2007

Frog in the washer

I'm going to stretch the parameters of this blog a bit today, just because I can, and because I have a story to tell. This story was inspired by real events over the weekend in Cockeysville, and by today's Sun, which in the spirit of a gorgeous stretch of Spring weather includes articles about crabs, whooping crane reproduction, flowers and frogs. (Did you notice the mention of "weather" there? That will stand as justification for this story.)

OK, so my wife and I are out on the WeatherDeck in Cockeysville, hosing off the pollen and the oak flowers in preparation for the arrival of in-laws for Mother's Day weekend. We pull the vinyl covers off the deck furniture, which have protected tables and chairs from the weather all winter - or at least they did until a windstorm threw them aside a few weeks back. We never bothered to put them back in place.

We toss the covers off the deck onto the lawn below, where they rest for several hours while we finish hosing off the deck and potting some flowers.

Then, my wife gathers up one of the covers, hauls it into the house and stuffs it into the washing machine for a good scrubbing before we put it away for the season.

A couple of hours later, I'm working at the computer when I hear a plaintive wail from the basement laundry room. Now, I've been married to this person for nearly 37 years, and you'd figure I'd be able to gauge the nature of the emergency from the tone of the wail. And that would normally modulate how fast I have to scramble down two flights of stairs.

Not this time. It doesn't sound like "I've fallen and broken my leg."  But then again, it doesn't sound like "Come look at what I found!" either.

So, I choose a midling pace, taking care not to fall on the steps and break MY leg. I find my wife standing a good five feet from the washer. She appears intact, but she is looking at the machine as though the newborn monster from ALIEN had emerged from the deck table cover.

Amid the gibberish coming from her mouth I catch the word "frog!" So I begin pulling the now-twisted cover from the washer and peering deep into the machine. And there it is - a very small, very dead, but impressively clean frog. Whether he got caught up in the cover while it rested for months on the deck, or for hours on the lawn doesn't seem important anymore, somehow. So I scoop him up in a paper towel and commit his limp remains to the trash can.

Oddly enough, we should have seen this coming. A year or two ago, during the exact same Springtime ritual, a very similar cry had reached me from the laundry room. That investigation yielded a similarly clean, but very much alive toad at the bottom of the washer. He was returned to the lawn from whence he came, hopped a bit, and presumably made a fine impression on the next female toad he encountered.

The good news is that the ecosystem that surrounds the WeatherDeck is healthy enough to support a lively population of amphibians. The bad news is that some of them can't survive the wash cycle.  

Posted by Frank Roylance at 11:07 AM | | Comments (0)
Categories: Observer reports

May 26, 2006

Take a wet suit

The Memorial Day weekend may be the official start of summer, but there's nothing summer-like yet about the water temperatures at the beach. Data from the weather buoy in the Delaware Bay shows water temps not quite 60 degrees. Actually, that's about normal, maybe even a degree or so warmer than normal. But take heart; June is a big warm-up month. You could also head for Cape Charles, Va., where the water temperatures is closer to 67 degrees.

Posted by Frank Roylance at 11:19 AM | | Comments (0)
Categories: Observer reports

April 6, 2006

Kayaker caught in Weds. squall

The gusty snow squall that whipped across the region early Wednesday morning caught all of us by surprise. But most of us were safe indoors, or in cars. Don Baugh, vice president for education at the Chesapeake Bay Foundation, was in his kayak, out on the Severn River, commuting to work. His unusual, but normally placid morning routine suddenly became very frightening.

"I ... was able to outlast the blow, but barely," he said. Here's his story, sent to the WeatherBlog via email:

"I have paddled 14,000 miles, through 14 years of commuting, and tackled four tropical depressions, and countless northwesters, nor'easters, and squalls. This is the first bad weather that caught me off guard.

"I glanced to the horizon, when I was at the mouth of the Severn, about 1 mile from shore, and my reaction was whoa, this is not good. That storm came out of nowhere. I raced to shore, but clearly was being overtaken.

"When the storm hit, I was about 3/4 mile from shore, and had to head into the wind, shifting my course, as the winds shifted from SW to W to NW. I had my fast racing kayak, as I was not expecting harsh winds, which cannot take any gusts on the beam as they can push you over in a fraction of a second.

"I kept paddling into the wind, hard, trying to keep some forward momentum, so that my rudder would correct course changes. With head down to keep my hat flying, blinding rain, and with a steady 50 mile wind, it was a question of time. I could not last 30 minutes, maybe not even 15, before I would succumb, tip, and then really have issues to deal with. The water is cold.

Editor's note: Water temperature at Thomas Point Light this morning is 49.3 degrees.

"The sky behind the blast was blue, so I knew the back side soon would allow the winds to moderate. They did to 25 mph, or so, and I continued on my merry way, but feeling like I was visited by some phantom stalking me in the night, and whipped."

Baugh later called the National Weather Service forecast office in Sterling, and asked whether this event had been forecast.

"As someone who spends lots of time on the water, I want to inquire about this storm, so that it may inform future decisions ... I did talk with a ...  forecaster. They apparently did issue an alert shortly before 7 AM, a little after my departure. This apparently is a freak early spring phenomena when winds aloft are able to penetrate to the surface, with rain. They sometimes only have 15 minute warning of an event.

"This was almost exactly the same scenario as when the Baltimore ... (Harbor) Taxi capsized two years ago. There were reports of winds to 51 knots (58 mph) at the same time, but somewhere else. The winds I encountered I estimated to be about 50."

Glad you made it to shore intact, Don. It's the last time I'll complain about the JFX.

Posted by Frank Roylance at 11:08 AM | | Comments (0)
Categories: Observer reports

December 23, 2004

Frontal passage brings plenty of rain

The cold front sweeping across Maryland today has brought a gusty squall line and more than an inch of rain to some locations. There are reports of thunder, trees down, and BGE power outages totalling more than 11,000, mostly in Carroll and Baltimore counties. Some wind gusts topped 60 mph, even 70 mph in the mountains to our west.

Temperatures are beginning to fall across Maryland as the front approaches, but still linger in the 50s in most places. But it's already dropped to 34 degrees in Garrett County. Lows tonight in Baltimore will drop below freezing, so watch for icy spots.

Posted by Admin at 2:45 PM | | Comments (0)
Categories: Observer reports

November 8, 2004

Northern Lights dazzle Marylanders

Photos just in! A blast of atomic particles and magnetic energy blown off the sun late last week reached Earth last night, creating a spectacular display of Northern Lights as far south as Maryland, North Carolina, Colorado and Oklahoma. The photos are already on the Web, including some shot in Maryland. The aurora alert has been extended into tonight as more solar debris is set to arrive. Here's an image of the eruption last week that caused all the fuss. (It's the flare at the center of the photo.)

Posted by Admin at 10:31 AM | | Comments (2)
Categories: Observer reports

September 28, 2004

Report flash flooding in your area

Pretty heavy rain underway across the region from the remains of Hurricane Jeanne. Flash flood warnings posted west of I-95 out to the mountains. Tornado watches, too. If you spot floods or twisters, let us know. Leave a comment here describing who, what, when and where.

Posted by Admin at 5:15 PM | | Comments (0)
Categories: Observer reports
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About Frank Roylance
This site is the Maryland Weather archive. The current Maryland Weather blog can be found here.
Frank Roylance is a reporter for The Baltimore Sun. He came to Baltimore from New Bedford, Mass. in 1980 to join the old Evening Sun. He moved to the morning Sun when the papers merged in 1992, and has spent most of his time since covering science, including astronomy and the weather. One of The Baltimore Sun's first online Web logs, the Weather Blog debuted in October 2004. In June 2006 Frank also began writing comments on local weather and stargazing for The Baltimore Sun's print Weather Page. Frank also answers readers’ weather queries for the newspaper and the blog. Frank Roylance retired in October 2011. Maryland Weather is now being updated by members of The Baltimore Sun staff

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